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Politics 101 w/ Professor Vaush

In common discourse, political language has been obscured to confuse the definitions of words, making it more difficult for many people to clearly discuss and interpret political matters. As long as the factory is not owned by the workers themselves the proletariat , it will continue to be in the owners who own the factory in the form of capital interest to pressures wages as a cost of production.

This, proponents of communism argue, create a social structure built on exploitation. Although Karl Marx is claimed to be the father of Communism the idea was around well before he elevated it to the international ideal it is today.

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After the Russian revolution in Communism moved from a political ideology to a form of governance, a move that still garners plenty of debates and different ideas around it Trotskyism, Stalinism, Leninism, etc. Advocates of socialism may not be in favor of banning private property but their stances can range from greater worker ownership, the public ownership of public resources and utilities, to more passive requests such as the establishment of a free national healthcare plan, or improvements of government provided social care.

Usually referred to as the Left. Those who support capitalism usually point at the ability of competition to push innovation and efficiency providing us with ways to identify productive members of society meritocracy , and a variety of choice. Those who support free market economics are however divided, those who subscribe to Keynesian economics support government intervention through monetary supply of money and interest or fiscal tax and government spending policies.

Classical economists on the other hand argue that it is government intervention that leads to market inefficiencies and the ups and downs that come with it. Usually referred to as the Right. Those who support theories around Anarchism claim that the best way to order a state is by not having a state at all.

There are two theories in which the abolition of the state is expected to come around, one by ensuring that all public services needed by a community are provided by private enterprise anarcho-capitalism. The second, is by these public services be provided by the community itself anarcho-communism. Fun-fact, anarchism is best known for teenagers running around drawing the symbol for anarchy, an encircled A. The circle around the A is actually an O standing for order, there is order in anarchy. Liberalism: This is a classical philosophical term that helped usher in transformative change in the mode of governance from Monarchies to our current forms of democracy.

It was under ideas of liberalism that ideas of free speech, universal human rights, separation of church from state, and international organization developed.

‎Minnesota Politics with Pat Kessler Podcast on Apple Podcasts

Much of the current civilized structures around us were developed through the philosophies of liberalism so we have a lot to thank for it. Sometimes the tenants of Liberalism are referred to as Classical Liberalism to avoid this confusion.

Neo-liberalism: This is a general term used to describe the re-emergence of classical economics after a wave of Keynesian economic policies that followed after WWII. Imperialism: The use of power to expand political leverage over other countries. This can be through the use of military force as with colonialism, or even through the use of financial incentives such as foreign aid. It is a form of exploiting other nations to benefit from their national wealth or geo-political location. Conservative: Simply meaning holding on to tradition or avoidance to change when it comes to social and political structures.

In popular politics, conservative such as the Conservative parties in the UK, Canada, and Australia, and the Republicans in the US has combine social conservatism and economic neo-liberalism. Progressive: The antonym of Conservative. Israeli citizens do not elect their executive or judicial branches. Israelis will know the election results in terms of the number of Knesset seats each party will have, but will not know who their prime minister will be or what their next government will look like because of how the Israeli political system works. After the last elections in , even when it was overwhelmingly likely that Netanyahu would be re-elected, the process after the elections to form a new government took about two months.

How is the Israeli prime minister chosen? It is a three-phase process. Theoretically, if a party received a majority—61 of the Knesset seats—the process would end there.

However, there has never been a party in Israeli history that has achieved a majority on its own. Therefore, the next two phases are necessary to choose the next Israeli chief leader and form a coalition government. Unofficially, the second phase starts the day after the Knesset election, when the party leaders start to talk to each other. Officially, the second phase begins after the official election results are published on April 17 and official consultations begin. Pressure is applied by the candidates for prime minister on the parties that remained neutral during the election campaign to gain their support.

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The president has seven days, until April 23, to ask a candidate for prime minister to form the next government. This year, the Jewish of Passover holiday starts on Friday, April That could lead Israeli President Reuven Rivlin to conduct the second phase as quickly as possible and even start unofficial consultations before the official election results are published. The third phase begins when the president announces his decision on which candidate can attempt to form the next government and ends when the Knesset approves the government presented by that candidate by a majority vote.